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A healthy mom means a healthy baby. This rule can also be applied to dental and oral health. 

How does pregnancy affect your teeth?

Every woman has a different pregnancy. During this special period the hormonal background changes, metabolism in the body is broken, the acidity in the oral cavity changes. In addition, the expectant mother may not receive the necessary vitamins and minerals. All this affects the condition of the teeth and gums. Chronic illnesses can often be exacerbated, inflammation, tooth decay, and, as a result, toothache can appear.

It is because of changes in hormonal background in women that the so-called “gingivitis of pregnant women” is most often developed.

Why is this happening? Due to the swelling of the mucosa, the interdental papillae increase, creating excellent conditions for the accumulation of dental plaque and the life of millions of microorganisms, gingival pockets are formed, which in the absence of treatment and prevention can advance the inflammation to the bone. In this case, gingivitis goes into periodontitis, at which there is a risk of getting tooth mobility and later – tooth loss.

Gingivitis of pregnant women most often appears at 8-12 weeks of pregnancy and is characterized by swelling of the mucous membrane around the teeth, tenderness, bad breath, bleeding not only during cleaning of teeth, but also during food intake. The mucous membrane becomes red or bluish (normally pale pink).

Depending on the form of gingivitis, the dentist will definitely appoint a visit to the hygienist to remove plaque and plaque.